Introduction of Speakers and their Presentations
CURRENT TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS IN COMPETITION LAW
Wednesday 13 November 2019
PANEL I: WHAT’S NEW IN COMPETITION LAW AND POLICY?
First Vice-chairman; Czech Competition Authority
Hynek Brom graduated from the Faculty of Law of the University of West Bohemia in Pilsen, where he has been also teaching at the Department of Public Administration since 2000. From 2000 till 2002 Mr. Brom acted as a head of secretariat of the Governor of Pilsen region. In the years 2000–2009 he was deputy mayor and later mayor of the city circuit Pilsen 4. Since 2006 Mr. Brom was a member of several expert bodies of the Union of Towns and Municipalities of the Czech Republic, as well as expert institutions dealing with organization and execution of public administration.
Hynek Brom joined the Office for the Protection of Competition in November 2009 as the Director of Section of State Aid and Administration and a month later he was appointed the First Vice-chairman. Since 1 March 2016 he is in charge of the Competition Division.
Slovak Competition Authority
Boris Gregor has been a Deputy Chairman of the Antimonopoly Office of the Slovak Republic since April 2016. Boris Gregor graduated from Faculty of Business Management at University of Economics in Bratislava. He joins the Office from the company Bratislavská vodárenská spoločnosť, a. s., where he worked as Sales Director and he also held the position of Board Deputy Chairman (2011–2015). Previously, he was working for the company BELIMEX a. s. (2000–2011), where he held both the position of Board Chairman and director of the company since 2008.
Austrian Competition Authority
Dr. Natalie Harsdorf has been Deputy Managing Director of the Austrian Federal Competition Authority since 2014 and head of legal service since 2017. Previously she worked as case handler at the Authority and as assistant at the University of Vienna. Harsdorf studied Law at the Universities of Vienna and Dublin and holds a degree of the College of Europe in Bruges. Secondments to the Court of Justice, the Canadian Competition Bureau and the European Commission rounded up her professional experience in competition law. In 2016, GCR listed her as one of 26 Top Women enforcers worldwide. Since 2019 she is also an elected member of the OECD Competition Bureau as UNCTAD-OECD coordinator.
Polish Competition Authority
Marek Niechciał is a graduate of the University of Warsaw, where he studied economics. In the years 2007-2008 he was President of UOKiK, and from 2008 an advisor at the National Bank of Poland’s Economic Institute. In the years 2007–2012 he was a member and Deputy Chairman of the Statistical Council, an advisory body to the Prime Minister.
He has been Deputy Director for Economic Affairs at the Department of the Committee of the Council of Ministers, and has worked, among others, with the Insurance and Retirement Fund Commission Office and at the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) Institute of Economics. He was has also worked as a journalist specialising in economic affairs.
Marek Niechciał has experience in education, having been a lecturer among others at the L. Koźmiński University Business School, University of Finance and Management, and Warsaw School of Information Technology under the auspices of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN).
He has co-authored Reports on Innovativeness of the Polish Economy (Raporty o innowacyjności gospodarki Polski) published by the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) Economics Institute, and an NBP publication, currently under preparation, Innovativeness of the Polish Economy (Innowacyjność polskiej gospodarki).
Privately he has a passion for aviation. He is involved among other things in organising meetings of the Polish Aviation Technology Association (Polska Technika Lotnicza).
Prime Minister Beata Szydło appointed Marek Niechciał President of UOKiK on 12 May 2016.
King’s College, London
Renato Nazzini is Professor of Law at King’s College London and a partner of LMS Legal LLP, London. He is an expert in antitrust, regulated sectors, state aid and European Union law as well as international arbitration and dispute resolution. He published widely on substantive and procedural competition law and policy, including, in particular, three fully authored books: Competition Enforcement and Procedure (Oxford, OUP 2016), The Foundations of European Union Competition Law: The Objective and Principles of Article 102 (Oxford, OUP 2011) and Concurrent Proceedings in Competition Law: Procedure, Evidence and Remedies (Oxford, OUP 2004). Renato holds doctorates from the Universities of London and Milan. Among other academic appointments, he has been Visiting Professor at the University of Turin, a Senior Research Fellow at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law, and Professor of Competition Law and Arbitration at the University of Southampton. As a dually qualified practitioner in England and Wales and in Italy, Renato focuses on cartels, abuses of a dominant position, vertical agreements, mergers, litigation, arbitration and ADR in the EU, Italy, the UK and globally. He is a non-governmental adviser (NGA) to the International Competition Network (ICN) and a member of the ICC Arbitration Commission (Italy). Prior to moving to academia and private practice, Renato was Deputy Director of Legal and Policy at the UK Competition Authority (currently the Competition and Markets Authority, but at the time known as the Office of Fair Trading) where he led on major areas of enforcement and policy, including financial services, damages actions in competition law, and the review of the policy on abuse of dominance under Article 102 TFEU, as well as advising across the whole range of antitrust and merger enforcement.
PANEL II: CIVIL DISPUTES IN COMPETITION LAW AND CLASS ACTIONS
Czech Competition Authority
Michael Mikulík graduated from the Faculty of Law, Charles University in Prague (Mgr., 2002) and from the University of Cambridge (LL.M., 2008) where his primary focus was on European competition law. Since 2010 he has been working at the Office for the Protection of Competition, initially as Adviser to the Vice-Chairman, then as Head of the Dominance and Vertical Agreements Department and Vice-Chairman of the Section on Protection of Competition. Currently, he is Head of the Appeals Division and a member of appeals committees of the Office. Prior to joining the Office he worked in a private law firm.
Michael Mikulík specializes in the field of competition, administrative and public procurement law. He regularly represents the Office at meetings organized by the advisory bodies of the Directorate-General for Competition of the European Commission and the Competition Commission of the OECD. He actively participates as a lecturer in training sessions of competition law organized under the patronage of the United Nations (UNCTAD) and Czech Judicial Academy. Michael Mikulík also lectures competition law at the Faculty of Law, Charles University in Prague and has contributed as an author and co-author in foreign professional publications dealing with competition law issues.
Bedrna and Partners
Jan Balarin, Ph.D., is an attorney and research fellow at the Center for Comparative Law of the Charles University in Prague. Jan Balarin received his Ph.D. in civil procedure at the Charles University in 2011. In that field, Jan Balarin published e.g. on the subject of standard of proof. Over a long period of time, Jan pursues the topic of collective enforcement of rights, and he is a member of the Working Group of the Czech Ministry of Justice on Collective Litigation. Aside from civil procedure, Jan’s research focus is contractual law; he published on the concept of good faith in contracts and co-authored legal commentaries (books) on the Czech Civil Code. Jan participated in several international academic projects, such as the Study Group on a European Civil Code, and made his research (i.a.) at the Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht in Hamburg.
Joseph is an experienced competition economist and qualified accountant providing advice on litigation, antitrust, market investigations and mergers. He has a particular specialism in matters that require the application of empirical analysis, such as econometrics, to assess underlying competition issues or harms. He is one of Oxera’s leading advisers in the area of follow-on antitrust litigation. He has been central to the role Oxera has played advising on competition class actions in the UK following the Consumer Rights Act (2015). Joseph has led projects providing evidence to competition authorities (including the CMA and European Commission) and a number of national courts.
Providing advice across a wide range of industry sectors, Joseph has particular experience working in the fields of payments services and telecoms. Prior to joining Oxera, Joseph worked for four years in BT Group’s finance division, where he received his accountancy training. He also conducted an econometric research project at the Bank of England.
An experienced communicator, one of Joseph’s core skills is making complex economics concepts practical, relevant and clear, and he has experience of providing expert testimony in the UK and to the European Commission. He is a trainer on Oxera’s established Economics for Competition Law course, providing economics training to solicitors, barristers and in-house counsel across Europe.
Qualifications: MPhil Economic Research, University of Cambridge, UK; Graduate Diploma in Economics, University of Cambridge, UK; Associate of the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA); MSci Natural Sciences, University of Durham, UK.
Elizabeth is a Counsel in the Linklaters Dispute Resolution team. She is a highly-experienced competition litigator with a strong track record of effectively defending clients faced with contentious competition issues, including at trial.
Elizabeth regularly leads on complex, high-value competition litigation before the English Courts and Competition Appeal Tribunal. She has played a key role defending Visa against the mass of retailer claims brought in relation to interchange fees, and in defending Air France-KLM throughout the long-running air cargo cartel litigation. Elizabeth also regularly advises clients in connection with high profile domestic and European Commission competition investigations and in relation to contentious competition and EU law issues more generally.
Qualifications: King’s College London: Post-Graduate Diploma in Competition Law; BPP Professional Education: Civil Higher Rights of Audience; Nottingham Law School: Legal Practice Course; College of Europe, Bruges: LLM (European Law); Université Panthéon-Assas, Paris II: Certificat d'Etudes Supérieures (French Law); Pembroke College, Oxford: BA (Hons) Jurisprudence (Law with French Law).
Jiri Kindl is a partner in law firm Skils s.r.o. (formerly Weil, Gotshal & Manges). In his legal practice, he specializes primarily in competition and regulatory matters. Jiri Kindl graduated summa cum laude from the Faculty of Law, Charles University in Prague. He also studied law at the University of Limerick (Ireland) and a post-graduate course at the Faculty of Law, University of Oxford (University College) where he obtained Distinction and Clifford Chance Prize for Best Performance in Magister Juris, Winter Williams European Business Regulation Prize and Monckton Chambers Prize in Competition Law. He authored numerous publications on competition law topics both in the Czech Republic and abroad, e.g. he is the co-author of a textbook on Competition Law (Prague, C. H. Beck, 2nd edn, 2012), Commentary to the Czech Competition Act (Prague, C. H. Beck, 3rd edn, 2016), Commentary to the Act on Significant Market Power (Prague, C. H. Beck, 2017) and Commentary to the Act on Damages in the Area of Competition (Prague, C. H. Beck, 2019). Jiri Kindl also lectures competition law and economics at the Faculty of Law, Charles University in Prague. He has extensive experience with proceedings in front of the Czech competition authority, the European Commission as well as civil courts and he is regularly referred to in publications such as Chambers Europe, IFLR Guide – World’s leading competition & antitrust lawyers, Best Lawyers or PLC Which Lawyer – Cross border competition as a leading antitrust lawyer in the Czech Republic.
PANEL III: VERTICAL AGREEMENTS
Czech Competition Authority
Daniel Stankov has been working at the Czech Office for the Protection of Competition since 2006. He served as the Head of the International Department since 2010. In 2015, he was appointed as the Director of Division of External Relations and Administration, which is responsible for civil service and human resources policy of the Czech NCA, together with economic and administrative issues, including award procedures of the authority.
Beside the cooperation among competition authorities and within various international platforms, he focuses on international aspects of competition policy, European competition and consumer protection policy as well as issues of competition enforcement in emerging markets. His responsibilities also cover competition advocacy initiatives of the Czech competition authority. He participated in several twinning programs focused on preparation and design of institutions in countries newly establishing competition enforcement agencies and on a regular basis he provides lectures on the topic of institutional design of competition authorities.
Daniel graduated from the Masaryk University and obtained his master’s degree in Political Science and International Relations. Previously he studied European law and obtained interdisciplinary master´s degree in the Eastern European research and studies at the University of Bologna. He lectures on international aspects of competition policy and European integration at Masaryk University in Brno.
European Commission, DG Competition
Isabel Pereira Alves has a law degree from the Faculty of Law of the University of Porto (Portugal) and a Master degree in European Law from the Université Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium).
After four years in private practice in a Brussels law firm, Isabel joined the European Commission in 2013, as a case handler working primarily on antitrust enforcement on the basic industries, manufacturing and consumer goods sectors. In 2018, Isabel joined the unit responsible for antitrust case support and policy in DG Competition. Among other areas of focus, she is part of the team responsible for the review of the Vertical Block Exemption Regulation.
Czech Competition Authority
Lenka Svobodová graduated from the Brno University of Technology in 1995 and she joined the Office for the Protection of Competition since the same year. Since the beginning of her professional career at the Office, she has been focusing on the area of protection of competition against its unlawful distortion, in particular through agreements between undertakings or abuse of dominant position. She has dealt with cases from various sectors, especially energy, health and pharmaceuticals, agriculture, forestry and water management, retail sales of goods and so on. Since 2018, she has been acting as the Head of Dominance and Vertical Agreements Unit.
McGill University, Montreal
Dr. Joseph Wilson is a former Chairman and founding Commissioner of the Competition Commission of Pakistan, where he served, for three consecutive terms of three year each, from November 2007 to November 2016. Dr. Wilson is an adjunct Professor at McGill University’s Faculty of Law, where he teaches International Competition Law, among other courses, and is a senior consultant at Dr. Wilson and Associates.
Dr. Wilson earlier served as an Associate Professor of Law at the Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), Pakistan, where he helped set up its law school. He earned Doctor of Civil Law (D.C.L.) with Dean’s Honour List and Master of Laws (LL.M.) degrees from McGill University. He has an LL.M. from the University of Georgia, USA. He is a member of the State Bar of New York, USA and Lahore High Court Bar. He serves on the International Advisory Board of the Loyola University Chicago’s Institute for Consumer Antitrust Studies. He has authored a number law journal articles, book chapters, judicial opinions and a book titled “Globalization and the Limits of National Merger Control Laws.”
Petr Zákoucký is a partner at Dentons in Prague and leads the office's energy, M&A, competition and public procurement practice. He represents clients in the development of new projects, M&A, joint venture projects and disputes in the Czech Republic as well as within the region.
Within its regulatory practice, he also regularly lectures at conferences (including, for instance, AllforPower, TOPGAS and CEPKON conferences and Czech Competition Office) and at the retreats of the energy section of the Union of In-House Lawyers.
Before joining Dentons, Petr worked in Clifford Chance in Prague and Brussels (2006-2017) and White & Case (2002). He also completed internships with the General Court in Luxembourg and with the European Commission's DG Competition in Brussels. Petr obtained a master's degree in law from Charles University in Prague (2002), within which completed a one-year exchange study programme at a law faculty in Manchester (2001). He also completed LL.M. study programmes in Tuebingen (2004) and Amsterdam (2005).
PANEL IV: JOINT BIDDING IN TENDERS
Czech Competition Authority
Kamil Nejezchleb graduated from the Faculty of Law of the Masaryk University in Brno and from the Faculty of Business and Management of the Brno University of Technology. In his thesis, he dealt with the modernization of legal instruments used for fighting against cartel agreements. He has been working for the Office for the Protection of Competition since 2007, currently as the Head of the Cartel Unit II. He also acts as an external lecturer at the Department of Commercial Law, Faculty of Law and Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Administration at the Masaryk University. He gained experience with competition law enforcement also during the traineeship at the European Commission and from the regular cooperation within ECN and ICN. Kamil cooperated on drafting the methodology documents for leniency program and settlement procedure and also on last revisions of the Act on the Protection of Competition. Also, he participated in training courses dedicated to contracting authorities focused on bid rigging detection.
Kamil has published a number of articles and publications in the area of competition law.
Havel & Partners
Robert Neruda is a partner of Havel, Holásek & Partners where he leads of team of lawyers and economists specializing in competition law. Before joining the law firm, Robert acted as the Vice-Chair of the Office for the Protection of Competition. He specializes in counselling in the areas of cartel agreements, abuse of dominance, competition legal assessment of mergers and acquisition, significant market power and State aid. He served as an assistant to the judge at the Czech Supreme Administrative Court in 2004 and 2005. He lectures at the Masaryk University in Brno, as well as at international conferences.
Faculty of Law, Palacký University Olomouc
Michal Petr is an assistant lecturer at the International and European Law Department of the Faculty of Law at Palacký University Olomouc. He lectures European law with the focus on competition law, State aid, public procurement and regulation of network industries. Michal gained his extensive experience in these areas when he worked at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 2011 and 2012 and in particular during his career at the Office for the Protection of Competition. He served at the Office as a director of Legislative Unit from the year 2003, as a director of Division of Legislation and International Affairs from the year 2006 and finally, as a Vice-chairman of the Office from 2010 to 2015. He is an author of numerous publications on competition law, sector regulation and on particular issues of administrative punishment. He is a member of the editorial board of the magazines ANTITRUST and Public Governance, Administration and Finances Law Review, a national contributor to magazine European Competition and Regulatory Law Review. He is also a member of the Appeals Commitee of the Czech National Bank and of the Office for the Protection of Competition.
Dr Bartosz Turno, LL.M. (KCL) – attorney-at-law, partner in a Competition Team of WKB Wierciński, Kwieciński, Baehr. He holds a Ph.D. in law and is a graduate of the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań and of the University of London – King’s College London where he earned an LL.M. in Competition Law. He worked in the Office of Competition and Consumer Protection and he served the internship in the Cartels Division of DG COMP in Brussels. He also worked for Skadden, Arps in Brussels. He is a lecturer at Postgraduate Diploma in Competition Law at the Institute of Law Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw. Bartosz is a member of the University of Warsaw Centre for Antitrust and Regulatory Studies (CARS), the Competition Law Association and Non-Governmental Advisor, which is a part of ICN cartel subgroup. In 2013 his Ph.D. thesis on leniency programs was awarded in the XLVIII Polish Nationwide Competition organized by „Państwo i Prawo” monthly magazine for the best habilitation and PH.D. thesis. He is an author of numerous publications on EU and Polish competition law, inducing a publication on leniency and a co-author of an Act on Competition and Consumer Protection Commentary.
Thursday 14 November 2019
PANEL V: IMPLEMENTATION OF DIRECTIVE ON UNFAIR TRADING PRACTICES
Czech Competition Authority
Petr Solský graduated from the Faculty of Law of the Masaryk University in Brno in 1998. At the same Faculty he received JUDr. degree in the field of criminal law. He worked in public administration on a number of managing positions, for example at the Ministry of the Interior or the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. From 2003 to 2010 he gained extensive experience at the Permanent Representation of the Czech Republic to the EU in Brussels where he was responsible for management of the division of justice and interior including the coordination of preparations of the Czech Presidency of the Council of the EU. Back in the Czech Republic he worked in private sector in a law firm. Consequently he focused in particular on the area of information and communication technology, among others as a Deputy Minister of the Interior for this area in the years 2013 and 2014. Petr Solský has been focusing on a number of issues of criminal and administrative law including the regulatory framework for public procurement and prohibited state aid. He is a long term member of the Regulatory Impact Assessment Commission of the Government Legislative Council (RIA Commission).
On 5th April 2016 Petr Solský was appointed to the position of the Vice-chairman of the Office for the Protection of Competition and entrusted with the management of the Legislative and Public Regulation Division.
Kateřina is an attorney-at-law and a senior manager at Deloitte Legal. She focuses on competition law, State aid and compliance issues. Kateřina has gained diverse professional experience both as an attorney-at-law and by working in international corporations Tesco Stores and ČEZ Group. In particular, she led significant projects on implementation of new regulatory rules into company processes, she represented clients before antimonopoly offices and she provided legal support to considerable investment stocks abroad. She graduated from the Faculty of Law at Charles University and College of Europe in Bruges (Belgium).
Ministry of Agriculture
Martin Štěpánek graduated from the food evaluation and analysis at the University of Pardubice. He started his professional career as an inspector of the Czech Agriculture and Food Inspection Authority. Since 2002, he has been working in the Department of Food Industry at the Ministry of Agriculture, where he deals with issues of food legislation, quality policy of food products, implementation of legislative requirements into national law and last but not least with the agenda of „Klasa“ project and „Regional food“ project. He is currently the Director of the Department of Food Industry within the Division of Agriculture and Food Industry at the Ministry of Agriculture.
Ministry of Industry and Trade
Pavel Vinkler graduated from the Faculty of Economics and Administration of the Masaryk University in Brno. Since 2005, he has been working for the Ministry of Industry and Trade, where he headed the Unit of Small and Medium Enterprises between 2006 and 2017. Since March 2017, he has been the Director of the Department for Business Environment and Trade Business, and this year he has been appointed as a secretary of the Deputy Minister, responsible for the industry and business.
His long-term professional interests include business environment, reduction of administrative burdens for entrepreneurs, support of small and medium enterprises and sole traders (www.zivnostensky-balicek.cz, www.zjednodusujeme.cz) and trade business.
I. UNANNOUNCED INSPECTION – Practice in Light of Recent Case Law
Czech Competition Authority
Igor Pospíšil completed his studies at the Faculty of Law of the Masaryk University in Brno in 2001. Since 2001 he has been working as a lawyer at the Office for the Protection of Competition. From 2005 to 2008 he held the position of a Head of the Working Group for Liberal Professions and in the period 2006–2007 he was a Director of Manufacturing and Retail Unit. Since the year 2007 he has been working as a Director of the Cartel Unit. From 2004 to 2007 he was also acting as lector of administrative law, registered by the Ministry of the Interior. He co-authored several documents issued by the Office for the Protection of Competition and acted as a speaker in different conferences and seminars in the area of competition law. He also gives lectures on the issues of competition law.
Czech Competition Authority
Aleš Drbal graduated from the Faculty of Law at the Masaryk University in 2004. Since 2006, he has been working as a lawyer at the Office for the Protection of Competition on different positions including the first and second instance decision-making. Currently, he serves as the Head of Second Instance Decision-Making Unit for Competition. Since 2011, he has been working as the Chairman of both Appeals Committees dealing with protection of competition and Appeals Committee on significant market power, state aid and access to information. Previously, he was acting also as a Deputy of the Director of the Second Instance Decision-Making Section.
In autumn 2009, he completed an internship at the Directorate General for Competition of the European Commission.
Before joining the Office, he had worked in a law firm with general practice in Brno. Until recently he was an external lecturer at various schools.
He is also a regular contributor to the Czech-Slovak competition magazine "Antitrust".
Nedelka Kubáč Legal
Jitka Linhartová is of counsel in both Prague and Bratislava offices of Nedelka Kubáč advokáti. She specialises in competition law, public procurement law and compliance. In competition law, she provides legal advisory to clients in various industries both in their day-to-day business activities and when under investigation by the Czech Competition Authority, the Slovak Antimonopoly Office or the European Commission. She assists clients in preparing their merger notifications, and represents them before the competition authorities and courts. In addition, she helps them create and implement internal compliance programmes, including regular compliance training.
Jitka worked for the Czech Competition Authority from 2004 to 2007. From 2007 to 2008 she worked for the Directorate General for Competition of the European Commission. Since 2008, she has worked in the private sector, first at the Prague office of Gleiss Lutz and later Schoenherr until 2017, where she headed the competition unit.
As a regular contributor to the Czech-Slovak magazine "Antitrust" and to the global platform "International Law Office", Jitka has also co-authored several energy publications, such as the "European Energy Handbook" and "Global Energy Review". Jitka also regularly speaks at the conferences organised by the international platforms (e.g. UIA, Knecht365LAw).
II. DIGITALISATION OF CONTRACTS AND SIGNIFICANT MARKET POWER
Czech Competition Authority
Jana Zmeškalová graduated from the Faculty of Law of the Masaryk University in 2005. She has worked at the Office for the Protection of Competition since 2014. In 2016, she became the head of the Control over Market Power Unit. Currently, she is the head of the Methodology and Control over Market Power Department. Between 2014 and 2015, she worked as a Remonstrance commission´s secretary for the Unit of 2nd Instance Decision-Making in the field of competition and participated in decisions processing as well as in defending the Office before administrative courts in a number of important cases. Before joining the Office, she had served for seven years as an assistant to presiding judge of a chamber of Criminal Division at the Supreme Court. From 2005 to 2007 she worked in a law firm.
Lidl ČR, v. o. s.
Martin Grácz has been a head of Legal Department of the company Lidl Česká republika since 2012. Before that, he was an attorney at law with Gleiss Lutz/Schoenherr in Prague (2006–2012) and Holec, Zuska & partners (2005–2006).
Martin received a Doctor of Law degree from Charles University in Prague. He studied as an exchange student in Germany (Ludwig-Maximilian Universität in Munich) and in the United Kingdom.
Nedelka Kubáč Legal
Martin Nedelka is an attorney-at-law and a partner in Prague and Bratislava office of law firm Nedelka Kubáč advokáti, specializing exclusively in the areas of Czech, Slovak and EU competition law, regulated industries, public procurement and compliance. Mr Nedelka studied law at the universities in Prague, Regensburg and Dublin. He is a member of the Czech Bar Association, the Slovak Bar Association and the Brussels Bar Association. He is also a member of the editorial board of Antitrust magazine.
III. PRIVATE ENFORCEMENT
Czech Competition Authority
Lukáš Králík graduated in law and legal science from the Charles University in Prague and in international administration from the University of Miami, USA. Besides that, he graduated from other study programmes, including the University of Cambridge, and he worked for the Supreme Administrative Court within a long-term internship.
He is a member of several governmental or inter-ministerial working groups, such as the Governmental Council on Fight against Corruption, the governmental Committee for the European Union at working level or the Committee of Governmental Representative before ECJ.
Lukáš represents the Czech Republic within the working groups of the European Council and Commission during the process of negotiation and adoption of European legislation. He also takes part in the legislative process on national level (e. g. co-authored the Competition Damages Act). As a lawyer of the Legislation and Legal Department, he regularly represents the Office before civil courts. Lukáš also publishes and lectures in academia on regular basis.
Since 2004, Roman Kramařík has been the founding partner of JŠK, an international law firm in Prague, which he co-founded after many years of previous practice in leading international companies. With the exemption of his short acting as the Deputy Minister of Transport, he has been working in advocacy since 1997. Roman´s practice ranges from energy regulation and litigation, corporate law and air transport to infrastructure projects. Roman was also the editor and co-author of the commentary on the Private Enforcement of Competition Law Act in the Czech Republic (Wolters Kluwer, 2018). With Roman´s involvement, JŠK co-founded the popular community portal www.obczan.cz dedicated to recodification.